NITI Aayog publishes list of 81 All India surveys, 70% of which are conducted by government agencies

NITI Aayog recently published an inventory of all Indian surveys, compiled by the Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO). The list includes 81 investigations, of which 57 are conducted by government agencies. Here is a detailed analysis of these surveys.

NITI Aayog recently released, in September 2021, an Inventory of All India Surveys, compiled by the Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO) of NITI Aayog. We analyze these surveys through several parameters in this story.

NITI Aayog is a public policy think tank of the Government of India, also known as the National Institution for the Transformation of India. It was formed by a Union Cabinet resolution on January 1, 2015, replacing the former Planning Commission, which was established in 1950.

The Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO) was formed in September 2015 through the merger of the former Program Evaluation Office (PEO) and the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO). This is an office attached to NITI Aayog, aimed at fulfilling the organization’s monitoring and evaluation (M&E) mandate and building the M&E ecosystem in India.

The DMEO has compiled this inventory of all Indian surveys with the aim of helping development practitioners to undertake research / analysis based on existing secondary data collected by various agencies.

The The majority of surveys across India are open access and sample surveys.

The compilation of surveys for all of India published by the DMEO lists a total of 81 surveys from 1951 for various sectors.

The inventory shows that around 71 surveys are open access, which means that survey data and reports are in the public domain.

Only 6 surveys are not available, such as the Manual Scavenger Survey, Citizen Police Service Survey, Global Justice Project Rule of Law Expert Survey, and others. The metadata or the full report of these surveys are not available in the public domain, however, limited information / briefs can be assessed at the link mentioned in the inventory.

About 4 surveys have paid access, namely Aspirational India Household Survey, Consumer Pyramid Household Survey, Consumer Pyramid Household Survey and Indian People Survey.

In terms of data, about 75 out of 81 surveys are sample surveys. Only 4 are census surveys namely All India Higher Education Survey (AISHE), Ease of Living Survey, Economic Census, and Indian Handicrafts Census. A single survey is classified as both census and sample, i.e. Annual Survey of Industries.

The survey inventory for all of India covers more than 40 sectors, starting in 1951.

These surveys covering all of India cover 42 sectors or themes, from agriculture and health to global competitiveness, starting in 1951.

The health and labor and employment sectors have the highest number of surveys for all of India, i.e. 6 surveys in each sector. Sectors such as consumer behavior and socio-economic each have the 5 All-India surveys.

Then come the WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) and Demographic sectors with 4 surveys for all of India each. The bank and the perception have 3 surveys all over India. Most areas have 1 or 2 All India surveys each.

10 surveys across India conducted annually, 27 periodically and 32 of indefinite frequency

The Inventory contains surveys with varying frequencies.

Most of the surveys on the list have undefined frequencies or have only been conducted once so far. In other words, about 32 surveys do not have a defined frequency. For example, the Domestic Tourism Expenditure Survey was conducted only once in 2015. Likewise, the adoption of digital payments in India was first conducted in 2020. The Bank fraud in India was conducted over 6 years from 2014 to 2021 (a sectional study).

About 27 surveys across India are conducted periodically at irregular intervals. For example, the Global Youth Smoking Survey was conducted in 2003, 2006, 2009 and 2019. Similarly, the Household Social Consumption: Education survey was conducted in 1980-81, 1986-87, 1995 -96, 2007-08, 2014 and 2017-18.

In total, around 10 surveys are conducted every year, such as India Media and Entertainment report, International Banking Trade Survey, Executive Opinion Survey, Periodic Labor Force Survey, etc.

Only one survey is carried out every two years and every three years respectively. A small number of surveys are conducted at higher frequencies. As, approximately 2 are carried out semi-annually, 3 surveys are carried out quarterly and 1 is carried out bimonthly.

Government agencies conduct most of the investigations all over India; International, business and research organizations conduct 24 surveys

The inventory includes surveys conducted by Indian government agencies, as well as other national and international organizations.

The largest number of surveys in the inventory are carried out by Indian government ministries and departments.

International organizations such as the United Nations and the World Bank have conducted a total of 11 surveys across India. For example, The Enterprise Survey, UN E-Government Survey, The Open Budget Survey, World Values ​​Survey, etc.

Companies such as Deloitte and KPMG are conducting 7 surveys across India, followed by think tanks and civil society organizations (such as Janaagraha) who are conducting 6 surveys across India. For example, KMPG’s Indian COVID-19 Human Resource Practices Survey, IPE Global and Kantar’s National Rural Sanitation Survey, Janaagraha’s Voice of India Citizen Survey, etc.

The selected image: All polls in India

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