Since February 24, 2022, more than 3 million Ukrainian refugees and third-country nationals have entered Poland as a result of the war in Ukraine.
This report is based on a survey of travel patterns, needs and intentions launched by IOM’s DTM. Surveys are conducted face-to-face by DTM and World Central Kitchen trained surveyors at border crossing points and reception centers with Ukrainian refugees and 1CNS departing from Ukraine. after February 24, 2022. Data is collected and stored via a mobile application. This report presents a preliminary analysis based on the first two weeks of data collection.
Between 4 and 19 March, IOM conducted 169 surveys of the movement patterns, needs and intentions of refugees from Ukraine and third-country nationals (TCNs) at two border crossing points (BCPs) in entrance – Medyka and Korczowa – and in two reception centers close to the border.
Of this total, 9/% were Ukrainian refugees.
Of those surveyed, 16% were traveling alone, with the majority (557%) traveling in groups of 2-4 people, usually family members (97%) or friends (8%).
Since there is a restriction on Ukrainian men leaving the country, the demographics are weighted towards women and children. It was reported that 5% of the groups included children and 16% seniors. Á a small number of groups (9%) only had members over the age of 65 or under 18. No group has been reported as child-led.
and 3 percent were reported as ICN, from Uzbekistan, Russian Federation, Iraq and Azerbaijan. The top five regions (oblasts) of origin of Ukrainian refugees were Dnipro (22%), Kyiv (21%), Kharkiv (119), Lviv (10%) and Donetsk (5%).
Among non-Ukrainian citizens entering Poland, 83% were men (50% adults and 33% children) and 17% women. Among Ukrainian citizens leaving the country for Poland, 50% were adult women and 47% were children (21% boys and 26% girls).
The proportion of people over the age of 65 (8%) is considerably lower than in the general population (around 16%), potentially indicating that older people are less able or willing to cross the border, especially given the long waiting times at crossing points.